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Nginx+keepalived高可用配置实战

来源: 民工哥 民工哥技术之路  2019-04-26 17:48:29    评论:0点击:

民工哥 民工哥技术之路

1、整体架构图如下


2、环境准备

今天所配置的是keepalived+nginx 的负载均衡

下载keepalived软件

[root@LB01 tools]# wget http://www.keepalived.org/software/keepalived-1.1.17.tar.gz

注意安装前检查内核的link文件

root@LB02 tools]# ll /usr/src/

total 8

drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 4096 Sep 23  2011 debug

drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 4096 Oct 19 02:03 kernels

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 43 Oct 19 02:05 linux -> /usr/src/kernels/2.6.32-642.6.1.el6.x86_64/

安装keepalived之前,安装几个依赖包

yum install openssl-devel -y

yum install popt* -y

然后进行编译安装keepalived,前面介绍了安装过程,这里就不演示了

./configure得出下面的结果

Keepalived configuration

------------------------

Keepalived version    : 1.1.17

Compiler         : gcc

Compiler        : -g -O2

Extra Lib      : -lpopt -lssl -lcrypto

Use IPVS Framework   : Yes

IPVS sync daemon support : Yes

Use VRRP Framework    : Yes

Use LinkWatch      : No

Use Debug flags     : No

注意./configure之后的结果,没有错误就可以了

make && make install

之后规范配置、启动文件路径

/bin/cp /usr/local/etc/rc.d/init.d/keepalived /etc/init.d/

/bin/cp /usr/local/etc/sysconfig/keepalived /etc/sysconfig/

mkdir /etc/keepalived -p

/bin/cp /usr/local/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf /etc/keepalived/

/bin/cp /usr/local/sbin/keepalived /usr/sbin/

/etc/init.d/keepalived start

注:nginx负载均衡相关配置请参考前面的文章

LNMP架构应用实战—Nginx反向代理负载均衡配置


3、实战配置keepalived

[root@LB01 keepalived]# vi keepalived.conf

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {

   notification_email {

   abc@qq.com

   }

   notification_email_from Alexandre.Cassen@firewall.loc

   smtp_server 1.1.1.1

   smtp_connect_timeout 30

   router_id LVS_3

}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

    state MASTER

    interface eth0

    virtual_router_id 19

    priority 150

    advert_int 1

    authentication {

        auth_type PASS

        auth_pass 1111

    }

    virtual_ipaddress {

        192.168.1.254/24

    }

}

[root@LB02 keepalived]# vi keepalived.conf

! Configuration File for keepalived

global_defs {

   notification_email {

   abc@qq.com

   }

   notification_email_from Alexandre.Cassen@firewall.loc

   smtp_server 1.1.1.1

   smtp_connect_timeout 30

   router_id LVS_6

}

vrrp_instance VI_1 {

    state BACKUP

    interface eth0

    virtual_router_id 19

    priority 100

    advert_int 1

    authentication {

        auth_type PASS

        auth_pass 1111

    }

    virtual_ipaddress {

        192.168.1.254/24

    }

}

[root@LB01 keepalived]# /etc/init.d/keepalived start

Starting keepalived:    [  OK  ]

[root@LB02 keepalived]# /etc/init.d/keepalived start

Starting keepalived    [  OK  ]

[root@LB01 keepalived]# ip add|grep 192.168.1.254

    inet 192.168.1.254/24 scope global secondary eth0

[root@LB02 keepalived]# ip add|grep 192.168.1.254

测试访问

表明可以正常切换


现在我们模拟keepalived主宕机,再测试

[root@LB01 conf]# /etc/init.d/keepalived stop

Stopping keepalived:   [  OK  ]

[root@LB02 ~]# ip add|grep 254

    inet 192.168.1.254/24 scope global secondary eth0



4、反向代理服务故障自动切换

如果实际生产环境中当keeplived主的服务器nginx服务宕机,但是主又有VIP,这时就出现无法访问的现象,因此可以做如下的配置,使得这种情况可自已切换

vi check_nginx.sh

#!/bin/sh

white true

do

PNUM=`ps -ef|grep nginx|wc -l`

#这里也可使用nmap 192.168.1.3 -p 80|grep open|wc -l来判断个数

if [ $PNUM -lt 3 ];then

/etc/init.d/keepalived stop >/dec/null 2>&1

kill -9 keealived >/dec/null 2>&1

kill -9 keealived >/dec/null 2>&1

fi

sleep 5

done

sh check_nginx.sh &

启动个守护进程进行检查(或者加入定时任务定时执行检查),如果nginx服务出现故障,就立马停掉keepalived的服务,让它自动切换到备节点上去,这样就实现了自动切换的工作
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