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openstack常用命令

来源:  2019-04-12 10:44:53    评论:0点击:

1、 查看rabbitmq 队列:rabbitmqctl list_queues

[root@controller openstack]# rabbitmqctl list_queues
Listing queues ...
q-reports-plugin_fanout_725aacafeb8b46efb087b4b430e3b9a0    0
q-plugin    0
q-reports-plugin_fanout_be5c8ad88fc94fe68fabdfe2d455e4d3    0
consoleauth.controller    0
q-agent-notifier-network-delete.controller    0
q-plugin.controller    0
q-plugin_fanout_f01d03e127104aa792bba5492b04d477    0
#keystone
##查询
1、查看keystone的用户:keystone user-list |K版之后使用openstack user list

[root@controller openstack]# openstack user list
+----------------------------------+---------+
| ID                               | Name    |
+----------------------------------+---------+
| 7eb9e0334783464d8d3c1af1f645fb38 | nova    |
| 8e678c2d9389412c8bb8ba9710b4b148 | demo    |
| b39106bf6b8047b198569f0625dbe44d | neutron |
| cd4defe69232424e864726ebd078c010 | admin   |
| dde16aefcab54766b51f4af85ec6fe54 | glance  |
+----------------------------------+---------+
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2、查看keystone endpoint:keystone endpoint-list | K版之后使用openstack endpoint list

[root@controller openstack]# openstack endpoint list
+----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+
| ID                               | Region    | Service Name | Service Type | Enabled | Interface | URL                                       |
+----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+
| 1f733ab7407c413b9e1db7dd24ef7dd6 | RegionOne | glance       | image        | True    | public    | http://controller:9292                    |
| 32754c5c14664987ad0c5cf2b44b73fa | RegionOne | nova         | compute      | True    | internal  | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
| 52613ff5c1e641fba0f3595d09a100b3 | RegionOne | neutron      | network      | True    | admin     | http://controller:9696                    |
| 84735f3105764b449ec19c173e6fc94b | RegionOne | neutron      | network      | True    | public    | http://controller:9696                    |
| 8fdb4e4a1d85488ca390eac8470a7f97 | RegionOne | nova         | compute      | True    | admin     | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
| 9ba9b2604ad548ee97380a6b429ab867 | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | admin     | http://controller:35357/v3                |
| a5b21eb6277e47d4aa3e287ab48fe2ba | RegionOne | glance       | image        | True    | internal  | http://controller:9292                    |
| aaf41938fd164ab894c1b8b39f530258 | RegionOne | glance       | image        | True    | admin     | http://controller:9292                    |
| b45bfe55a6a04ba0aed3391e39a0c5ed | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | public    | http://controller:5000/v3                 |
| bd9b5be37d094b7f92643d145b6302b4 | RegionOne | nova         | compute      | True    | public    | http://controller:8774/v2.1/%(tenant_id)s |
| c3fadc665a6f4c2dba119140b3221d16 | RegionOne | neutron      | network      | True    | internal  | http://controller:9696                    |
| d0500b0377764db0b5e55e4fcd490a5f | RegionOne | keystone     | identity     | True    | internal  | http://controller:5000/v3                 |
+----------------------------------+-----------+--------------+--------------+---------+-----------+-------------------------------------------+

16
17
3、 查看keystone的role:keystone role-list | K版之后使用openstack role list

[root@controller openstack]# openstack role list
+----------------------------------+-------+
| ID                               | Name  |
+----------------------------------+-------+
| 990fbd626f524510a393d307e3e8a575 | user  |
| e2e6dd73a55840f699d49dbe5e57f2f8 | admin |
+----------------------------------+-------+
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4、查看keystone 服务:keystone service-list | K版之后使用openstack service list

[root@controller openstack]# openstack service list
+----------------------------------+----------+----------+
| ID                               | Name     | Type     |
+----------------------------------+----------+----------+
| 050e27a202f44d7cb58cec6bd51e9989 | neutron  | network  |
| 071c1756bb564070a4a5f6ac7fd08d71 | glance   | image    |
| 764ed1c44f624b30b38469d8fbe67c00 | keystone | identity |
| f1c95d1774784eedabbcf2b10b5a4acc | nova     | compute  |
+----------------------------------+----------+----------+
5、查看keystone租户:keystone tenant-list | K版之后使用openstack project list

[root@controller openstack]# openstack project list
+----------------------------------+---------+
| ID                               | Name    |
+----------------------------------+---------+
| 065254fec75746419f5c73aee12a3360 | service |
| 6238626c6a6e44a7a95766eff16193c3 | demo    |
| f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee | admin   |
+----------------------------------+---------+

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6、查看租户情况:keystone tenant-get 用户ID/用户名 | K版之后使用openstack project show 用户ID/用户名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack project show 065254fec75746419f5c73aee12a3360
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Service Project                  |
| domain_id   | ab355ba21130434bbe54adcf0723713d |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 065254fec75746419f5c73aee12a3360 |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | service                          |
| parent_id   | ab355ba21130434bbe54adcf0723713d |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack project show service
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Service Project                  |
| domain_id   | ab355ba21130434bbe54adcf0723713d |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 065254fec75746419f5c73aee12a3360 |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | service                          |
| parent_id   | ab355ba21130434bbe54adcf0723713d |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

24
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##增加
1、创建域 。openstack project --domain 域 --description “描述” 项目名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack domain create --description "Test Domain" test
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Test Domain                      |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 2df857d76a6a45618fb7f44df7f4bf30 |
| name        | test                             |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
2、创建项目(租户)。openstack project --domain 域 --description “描述” 项目名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack project create --domain test --description "Test Project" projectTest
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | Test Project                     |
| domain_id   | 2df857d76a6a45618fb7f44df7f4bf30 |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | e8a9be8ed46c42a5b2ec4af4e3ea84b0 |
| is_domain   | False                            |
| name        | projectTest                      |
| parent_id   | 2df857d76a6a45618fb7f44df7f4bf30 |
+-------------+----------------------------------+

3、创建用户。openstack user create --domain 域 --password-prompt 用户名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack user create --domain test --password-prompt admin
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 2df857d76a6a45618fb7f44df7f4bf30 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 954e3d42d4414f69875867e8cab1c0a8 |
| name      | admin                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
4、创建角色。 openstack role create 角色名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack role create Admin1
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | None                             |
| id        | e638fe3a771844bc9b51fd704e60ccb1 |
| name      | Admin1                           |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
5、为某项目中的某用户指定角色。openstack role add --project 项目 --user 角色名\用户ID 项目名\项目ID

[root@controller openstack]# openstack role add  --project projectTest --user admin Admin1
1
##其他组件的keystone配置
1、为组件创建用户。openstack user create --domain 域 --password-prompt 组件用户名

[root@controller openstack]# openstack user create --domain test --password-prompt admin
User Password:
Repeat User Password:
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| Field     | Value                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
| domain_id | 2df857d76a6a45618fb7f44df7f4bf30 |
| enabled   | True                             |
| id        | 954e3d42d4414f69875867e8cab1c0a8 |
| name      | admin                            |
+-----------+----------------------------------+
2、 将组件用户添加到service项目的admin角色中。

openstack role add --project service --user 组件用户名 admin
1
3、 为组件创建服务实体。openstack service create --name 服务名 --description “服务描述” 类型

[root@controller openstack]#   openstack service create  --name serviceTest --description "service test" type
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| Field       | Value                            |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
| description | service test                     |
| enabled     | True                             |
| id          | 2776eda9d859402aa3e969b0b4611073 |
| name        | serviceTest                      |
| type        | type                             |
+-------------+----------------------------------+
4、 创建服务API
##删除
1、删除服务。 openstack service delete 服务名\服务ID
2、删除某用户的某角色 。 openstack role remove --project 项目名\ID --user 用户名\ID 角色名\ID

openstack role remove  --project projectTest --user admin Admin1

1
2
3、删除某角色。 openstack role delete 角色名\ID
4、删除某用户 。openstack user delete 用户名\ID
5、删除某项目。 openstack project delete 项目名\ID
6、删除域。

[root@controller openstack]# openstack domain set --disable  test
[root@controller openstack]# openstack domain delete test
[root@controller openstack]# openstack domain list
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+
| ID                               | Name    | Enabled | Description    |
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+
| ab355ba21130434bbe54adcf0723713d | default | True    | Default Domain |
+----------------------------------+---------+---------+----------------+
##错误检测
1、查看keystone进程:ps -ef | grep -i keystone
2、查看日志是否有错误:grep ERROR /var/log/keystone/keystone.log
#glance
1上传镜像

openstack image create "cirros" \

--file /root/cirros-0.3.4-x86_64-disk.img \

--disk-format qcow2 --container-format bare \

--public
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##查询
1、查看image:glance image-list 、openstack image list、nova image-list

[root@controller openstack]# nova image-list
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status | Server |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+--------+
| c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a | cirros | ACTIVE |        |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+--------+
[root@controller openstack]# glance image-list
+--------------------------------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   |
+--------------------------------------+--------+
| c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a | cirros |
+--------------------------------------+--------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name   | Status |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
| c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a | cirros | active |
+--------------------------------------+--------+--------+
2、查看image具体信息:openstack image show ID

[root@controller openstack]# openstack image show c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| Field            | Value                                                |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
| checksum         | ee1eca47dc88f4879d8a229cc70a07c6                     |
| container_format | bare                                                 |
| created_at       | 2017-08-16T02:52:58Z                                 |
| disk_format      | qcow2                                                |
| file             | /v2/images/c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a/file |
| id               | c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a                 |
| min_disk         | 0                                                    |
| min_ram          | 0                                                    |
| name             | cirros                                               |
| owner            | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee                     |
| protected        | False                                                |
| schema           | /v2/schemas/image                                    |
| size             | 13287936                                             |
| status           | active                                               |
| tags             |                                                      |
| updated_at       | 2017-08-16T02:52:59Z                                 |
| virtual_size     | None                                                 |
| visibility       | public                                               |
+------------------+------------------------------------------------------+
##错误检测
1、镜像上传后存放在/var/lib/glance/images中
#nova
##查看
1、查看nova 服务:nova-manage service list、openstack compute service list

[root@controller openstack]# nova-manage service list
DEPRECATED: Use the nova service-* commands from python-novaclient instead or the os-services REST resource. The service subcommand will be removed in the 14.0 release.
Binary           Host                                 Zone             Status     State Updated_At
nova-scheduler   controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-25 09:13:25
nova-conductor   controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-25 09:13:24
nova-consoleauth controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-25 09:13:25
nova-osapi_compute 0.0.0.0                              internal         enabled    XXX   None      
nova-metadata    0.0.0.0                              internal         enabled    XXX   None      
nova-compute     compute1                             nova             enabled    :-)   2017-08-25 09:13:22
[root@controller openstack]# openstack compute service list
+----+------------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
| Id | Binary           | Host       | Zone     | Status  | State | Updated At                 |
+----+------------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+
|  1 | nova-scheduler   | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2017-08-25T09:16:55.000000 |
|  2 | nova-conductor   | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2017-08-25T09:16:54.000000 |
|  8 | nova-consoleauth | controller | internal | enabled | up    | 2017-08-25T09:16:55.000000 |
| 18 | nova-compute     | compute1   | nova     | enabled | up    | 2017-08-25T09:16:52.000000 |
+----+------------------+------------+----------+---------+-------+----------------------------+

2、设置安全组规则
设置默认安全组虚拟机能ssh:

nova secgroup-add-rule default tcp 22 22 0.0.0.0/0
openstack security group rule create --proto tcp --dst-port 22 default
设置虚拟机能ping icmp包

nova secgroup-add-rule default icmp -1 -1 0.0.0.0/0
openstack security group rule create --proto icmp default
3、显示安全组列表nova secgroup-list、openstack security group list

 [root@controller openstack]# openstack security group list
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name    | Description            | Project                          |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+
| 403d6083-a10f-469e-89ea-bf6247ebdf36 | default | Default security group | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+----------------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# nova secgroup-list
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+
| Id                                   | Name    | Description            |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+
| 403d6083-a10f-469e-89ea-bf6247ebdf36 | default | Default security group |
+--------------------------------------+---------+------------------------+
4、显示安全组规则
nova secgroup-list-rules default

[root@controller openstack]# nova secgroup-list-rules default
+-------------+-----------+---------+-----------+--------------+
| IP Protocol | From Port | To Port | IP Range  | Source Group |
+-------------+-----------+---------+-----------+--------------+
|             |           |         |           | default      |
| tcp         | 22        | 22      | 0.0.0.0/0 |              |
| icmp        | -1        | -1      | 0.0.0.0/0 |              |
|             |           |         |           | default      |
+-------------+-----------+---------+-----------+--------------+
5、查看虚拟机配置种类:nova flavor-list

[root@controller openstack]# nova flavor-list、openstack flavor list
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+
| ID | Name      | Memory_MB | Disk | Ephemeral | Swap | VCPUs | RXTX_Factor | Is_Public |
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.nano   | 64        | 1    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 1  | m1.tiny   | 512       | 1    | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 2  | m1.small  | 2048      | 20   | 0         |      | 1     | 1.0         | True      |
| 3  | m1.medium | 4096      | 40   | 0         |      | 2     | 1.0         | True      |
| 4  | m1.large  | 8192      | 80   | 0         |      | 4     | 1.0         | True      |
| 5  | m1.xlarge | 16384     | 160  | 0         |      | 8     | 1.0         | True      |
+----+-----------+-----------+------+-----------+------+-------+-------------+-----------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack flavor list
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| ID | Name      |   RAM | Disk | Ephemeral | VCPUs | Is Public |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+
| 0  | m1.nano   |    64 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 1  | m1.tiny   |   512 |    1 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 2  | m1.small  |  2048 |   20 |         0 |     1 | True      |
| 3  | m1.medium |  4096 |   40 |         0 |     2 | True      |
| 4  | m1.large  |  8192 |   80 |         0 |     4 | True      |
| 5  | m1.xlarge | 16384 |  160 |         0 |     8 | True      |
+----+-----------+-------+------+-----------+-------+-----------+

6、查看云系统中有哪些服务器 nova-manage service list |sort

[root@controller openstack]# nova-manage service list|sort
Binary           Host                                 Zone             Status     State Updated_At
nova-compute     compute1                             nova             enabled    :-)   2017-08-30 02:42:47
nova-conductor   controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-30 02:42:45
nova-consoleauth controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-30 02:42:46
nova-metadata    0.0.0.0                              internal         enabled    XXX   None      
nova-osapi_compute 0.0.0.0                              internal         enabled    XXX   None      
nova-scheduler   controller                           internal         enabled    :-)   2017-08-30 02:42:46

 
7、查看nova版本 nova-manage --version

nova-manage --version
13.1.4

 
#虚拟机控制命令
1、查看虚拟机:nova list、openstack server list

[root@controller openstack]# nova list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+-------------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status  | Task State | Power State | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+-------------+------------------------+
| 3724c84e-ef2d-48eb-a130-eb078d7622fe | provider-instance | ERROR   | -          | NOSTATE     | provider=192.168.1.102 |
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | SHUTOFF | -          | Shutdown    | provider=192.168.1.105 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------+-------------+------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status  | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | SHUTOFF | provider=192.168.1.105 |
| 3724c84e-ef2d-48eb-a130-eb078d7622fe | provider-instance | ERROR   | provider=192.168.1.102 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+

 
2、删除虚拟机:nova delete ID、openstack server delete ID

+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status  | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | SHUTOFF | provider=192.168.1.105 |
| 3724c84e-ef2d-48eb-a130-eb078d7622fe | provider-instance | ERROR   | provider=192.168.1.102 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server delete 3724c84e-ef2d-48eb-a130-eb078d7622fe
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status  | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | SHUTOFF | provider=192.168.1.105 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+



3、创建snapshot nova image-create 7eb1d4b3-13fa-4e39-be17-3a27eb0db218 “snapshot 1”

[root@controller openstack]# nova image-list
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+--------------------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name      | Status | Server                               |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+--------------------------------------+
| c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a | cirros    | ACTIVE |                                      |
| 4ee5c4be-3edf-431f-bc74-46d38ae7ebff | snapshot1 | ACTIVE | 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 |
+--------------------------------------+-----------+--------+--------------------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status  | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | SHUTOFF | provider=192.168.1.105 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+---------+------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# nova image-create  84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980  "snapshot 2"
[root@controller openstack]# openstack image list
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| ID                                   | Name       | Status |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
| 6ff0c7eb-4214-43ce-a07c-b111beb6e90a | snapshot 2 | active |
| 4ee5c4be-3edf-431f-bc74-46d38ae7ebff | snapshot1  | active |
| c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a | cirros     | active |
+--------------------------------------+------------+--------+
4、虚拟机重启,停止:

nova suspend 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

nova resume 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

nova reboot 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

openstack server suspend 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

openstack server resume 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

openstack server reboot 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980

openstack server  start 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server list
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+------------------------+
| ID                                   | Name              | Status | Networks               |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+------------------------+
| 84cd0fc6-3704-4756-9f27-27bbe43bb980 | provider-instance | ACTIVE | provider=192.168.1.105 |
+--------------------------------------+-------------------+--------+------------------------+
7
5、获取实例的CPU、内存、磁盘I/O等信息。 nova diagnostics serverID

nova diagnostics a55aeb82-303c-4bdc-92d2-280573a2ff8d
+---------------------------+---------------+
| Property                  | Value         |
+---------------------------+---------------+
| cpu0_time                 | 5613600000000 |
| memory                    | 524288        |
| memory-actual             | 524288        |
| memory-rss                | 72672         |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_rx         | 90            |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_rx_drop    | 0             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_rx_errors  | 0             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_rx_packets | 1             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_tx         | 0             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_tx_drop    | 0             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_tx_errors  | 0             |
| tapefb0d3f7-56_tx_packets | 0             |
| vda_errors                | -1            |
| vda_read                  | 1024          |
| vda_read_req              | 2             |
| vda_write                 | 0             |
| vda_write_req             | 0             |
+---------------------------+---------------+

6、查询实例的创建信息 nova show serverID

[root@controller openstack]# nova show   a55aeb82-303c-4bdc-92d2-280573a2ff8d
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Property                             | Value                                                    |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                                   |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          | nova                                                     |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host                 | compute1                                                 |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hostname             | provider-instance                                        |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname  | compute1                                                 |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name        | instance-00000003                                        |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:kernel_id            |                                                          |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:launch_index         | 0                                                        |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:ramdisk_id           |                                                          |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:reservation_id       | r-b60qsvae                                               |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:root_device_name     | /dev/vda                                                 |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:user_data            | -                                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 1                                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | -                                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | active                                                   |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | 2017-08-30T03:16:57.000000                               |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | -                                                        |
| accessIPv4                           |                                                          |
| accessIPv6                           |                                                          |
| config_drive                         |                                                          |
| created                              | 2017-08-30T03:16:44Z                                     |
| description                          | provider-instance                                        |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                                              |
| hostId                               | 313f16dfa039b6343dadaa99f596545021ce67260dc5b91e2fe9bcc2 |
| host_status                          | UP                                                       |
| id                                   | a55aeb82-303c-4bdc-92d2-280573a2ff8d                     |
| image                                | cirros (c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a)            |
| key_name                             | mykey                                                    |
| locked                               | False                                                    |
| metadata                             | {}                                                       |
| name                                 | provider-instance                                        |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                                       |
| progress                             | 0                                                        |
| provider network                     | 192.168.1.106                                            |
| security_groups                      | default                                                  |
| status                               | ACTIVE                                                   |
| tenant_id                            | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee                         |
| updated                              | 2017-08-30T03:16:57Z                                     |
| user_id                              | cd4defe69232424e864726ebd078c010                         |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+
[root@controller openstack]# openstack server show  serverID
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Field                                | Value                                                    |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+
| OS-DCF:diskConfig                    | MANUAL                                                   |
| OS-EXT-AZ:availability_zone          | nova                                                     |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:host                 | compute1                                                 |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:hypervisor_hostname  | compute1                                                 |
| OS-EXT-SRV-ATTR:instance_name        | instance-00000003                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:power_state               | 1                                                        |
| OS-EXT-STS:task_state                | None                                                     |
| OS-EXT-STS:vm_state                  | active                                                   |
| OS-SRV-USG:launched_at               | 2017-08-30T03:16:57.000000                               |
| OS-SRV-USG:terminated_at             | None                                                     |
| accessIPv4                           |                                                          |
| accessIPv6                           |                                                          |
| addresses                            | provider=192.168.1.106                                   |
| config_drive                         |                                                          |
| created                              | 2017-08-30T03:16:44Z                                     |
| flavor                               | m1.tiny (1)                                              |
| hostId                               | 313f16dfa039b6343dadaa99f596545021ce67260dc5b91e2fe9bcc2 |
| id                                   | a55aeb82-303c-4bdc-92d2-280573a2ff8d                     |
| image                                | cirros (c4d5f159-e1d9-4033-9e11-f9d1b63a777a)            |
| key_name                             | mykey                                                    |
| name                                 | provider-instance                                        |
| os-extended-volumes:volumes_attached | []                                                       |
| progress                             | 0                                                        |
| project_id                           | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee                         |
| properties                           |                                                          |
| security_groups                      | [{u'name': u'default'}]                                  |
| status                               | ACTIVE                                                   |
| updated                              | 2017-08-30T03:16:57Z                                     |
| user_id                              | cd4defe69232424e864726ebd078c010                         |
+--------------------------------------+----------------------------------------------------------+

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#neutron
1、列出当前租户所有的网络:neutron net-list、openstack network list

[root@controller openstack]# neutron net-list
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| id                                   | name     | subnets                                             |
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| 701a839d-6a57-42cc-8278-e7dcdb7af216 | provider | e820c8ae-d020-430b-9b26-46f046e647a7 192.168.1.0/24 |
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+

7
2、列出所有租户的所有网络:neutron net-list --all-tenants

[root@controller openstack]# neutron net-list --all-tenants
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| id                                   | name     | subnets                                             |
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+
| 701a839d-6a57-42cc-8278-e7dcdb7af216 | provider | e820c8ae-d020-430b-9b26-46f046e647a7 192.168.1.0/24 |
+--------------------------------------+----------+-----------------------------------------------------+

7
3、创建一个网络:neutron net-create --shared(所有项目共享网络) --provider:physical_network(物理网络) public(物理网络的名称) --provider:network_type(创建的网络类型为flat,单一扁平网络)flat public-net(自定义一个名称)

$ neutron net-create --shared --provider:physical_network provider \
  --provider:network_type flat provider
Created a new network:
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                     | Value                                |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up            | True                                 |
| id                        | 0e62efcd-8cee-46c7-b163-d8df05c3c5ad |
| mtu                       | 1500                                 |
| name                      | provider                             |
| port_security_enabled     | True                                 |
| provider:network_type     | flat                                 |
| provider:physical_network | provider                             |
| provider:segmentation_id  |                                      |
| router:external           | False                                |
| shared                    | True                                 |
| status                    | ACTIVE                               |
| subnets                   |                                      |
| tenant_id                 | d84313397390425c8ed50b2f6e18d092     |
+---------------------------+--------------------------------------+
20
4、查看一个网络的详细信息:neutron net-show

[root@controller openstack]# neutron net-show provider
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| Field                   | Value                                |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| admin_state_up          | True                                 |
| availability_zone_hints |                                      |
| availability_zones      | nova                                 |
| created_at              | 2017-08-23T08:46:56                  |
| description             |                                      |
| id                      | 701a839d-6a57-42cc-8278-e7dcdb7af216 |
| ipv4_address_scope      |                                      |
| ipv6_address_scope      |                                      |
| mtu                     | 1500                                 |
| name                    | provider                             |
| port_security_enabled   | True                                 |
| router:external         | False                                |
| shared                  | True                                 |
| status                  | ACTIVE                               |
| subnets                 | e820c8ae-d020-430b-9b26-46f046e647a7 |
| tags                    |                                      |
| tenant_id               | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee     |
| updated_at              | 2017-08-23T08:46:56                  |
+-------------------------+--------------------------------------+

24
5、删除一个网络:neutron net-delete
6、创建一个子网:neutron subnet-create --name (子网名)–allocation-pool start=开始地址 ,end=结束地址 --dns-nameserver DNS服务器 --gateway网关 网络名 子网IP

[root@controller openstack]# neutron subnet-create --name provider-subnet --allocation-pool start=192.168.1.100,end=192.168.1.200  --dns-nameserver 223.5.5.5 --gateway 192.168.1.1 provider 192.168.1.0/24
Created a new subnet:
+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
| Field             | Value                                              |
+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
| allocation_pools  | {"start": "192.168.1.100", "end": "192.168.1.200"} |
| cidr              | 192.168.1.0/24                                     |
| created_at        | 2017-08-28T07:11:53                                |
| description       |                                                    |
| dns_nameservers   | 223.5.5.5                                          |
| enable_dhcp       | True                                               |
| gateway_ip        | 192.168.1.1                                        |
| host_routes       |                                                    |
| id                | 6360600b-9df0-4009-989d-ca1f17e17d6a               |
| ip_version        | 4                                                  |
| ipv6_address_mode |                                                    |
| ipv6_ra_mode      |                                                    |
| name              | provider-subnet                                    |
| network_id        | d687404b-4f96-46c1-9b7d-557cd5dcfd24               |
| subnetpool_id     |                                                    |
| tenant_id         | f2c087c678a446929110f5fe67b456ee                   |
| updated_at        | 2017-08-28T07:11:53                                |
+-------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
7、列出所有的agent 。neutron agent-list

[root@controller openstack]# neutron agent-list
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+-------------------+-------+----------------+---------------------------+
| id                                   | agent_type         | host       | availability_zone | alive | admin_state_up | binary                    |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+-------------------+-------+----------------+---------------------------+
| a6209814-6df3-4af2-9083-839947338347 | Linux bridge agent | controller |                   | :-)   | True           | neutron-linuxbridge-agent |
| aa5068d0-8d37-45a7-a936-97bd7c6bf1cb | DHCP agent         | controller | nova              | :-)   | True           | neutron-dhcp-agent        |
| c34a7b5e-f04c-4e03-96f9-c47dd3465e21 | Metadata agent     | controller |                   | :-)   | True           | neutron-metadata-agent    |
| d5e0b85c-138d-4d83-a3b0-cc4c7269171b | Linux bridge agent | compute1   |                   | :-)   | True           | neutron-linuxbridge-agent |
+--------------------------------------+--------------------+------------+-------------------+-------+----------------+---------------------------+

 
#cinder
##查询
1、查看服务器服务 cinder-manage host list |sort

[root@controller openstack]# cinder-manage host list|sort
block1@lvm                   nova           
controller                   nova           
host                         zone  

#结合nova-manage service list|sort 就可以知道云系统中有哪些服务器和服务
#keystone





原文:https://blog.csdn.net/a359680405/article/details/77581418
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