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ionic3项目实战教程 - 第3讲 ionic3封装全局网络请求服务(http,get,post)

来源:  2018-04-17 16:09:07    评论:0点击:

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这一讲主要包含以下几个部分

    配置全局的接口地址;

    封装http get请求参数编码;

    封装特定http get请求;

    封装特定http post请求;

    封装全局的alert和toast;

    封装全局获取/移除缓存数据的函数

    在app.module的providers注入全局服务类;

新建一个类,命名为app.service.ts,位于src/app/目录下,具体代码如下:

    app.servie.ts

import { LoadingController, AlertController, ToastController } from 'ionic-angular';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Http } from '@angular/http';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/toPromise';

@Injectable()
export class AppGlobal {
    //缓存key的配置
    static cache: any = {
        slides: "_dress_slides",
        categories: "_dress_categories",
        products: "_dress_products"
    }
    //接口基地址
    static domain = "https://tlimama.tongedev.cn"

    //接口地址
    static API: any = {
        getCategories: '/api/ionic3/getCategories',
        getProducts: '/api/ionic3/getProducts',
        getDetails: '/api/ionic3/details'
    };
}

@Injectable()
export class AppService {

    constructor(public http: Http, public loadingCtrl: LoadingController, private alertCtrl: AlertController, private toastCtrl: ToastController, ) { }

    // 对参数进行编码
    encode(params) {
        var str = '';
        if (params) {
            for (var key in params) {
                if (params.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
                    var value = params[key];
                    str += encodeURIComponent(key) + '=' + encodeURIComponent(value) + '&';
                }
            }
            str = '?' + str.substring(0, str.length - 1);
        }
        return str;
    }

    httpGet(url, params, callback, loader: boolean = false) {
        let loading = this.loadingCtrl.create({});
        if (loader) {
            loading.present();
        }
        this.http.get(AppGlobal.domain + url + this.encode(params))
            .toPromise()
            .then(res => {
                var d = res.json();
                if (loader) {
                    loading.dismiss();
                }
                callback(d == null ? "[]" : d);
            })
            .catch(error => {
                if (loader) {
                    loading.dismiss();
                }
                this.handleError(error);
            });
    }

    httpPost(url, params, callback, loader: boolean = false) {
        let loading = this.loadingCtrl.create();
        if (loader) {
            loading.present();
        }
        this.http.post(AppGlobal.domain + url, params)
            .toPromise()
            .then(res => {
                var d = res.json();
                if (loader) {
                    loading.dismiss();
                }
                callback(d == null ? "[]" : d);
            }).catch(error => {
                if (loader) {
                    loading.dismiss();
                }
                this.handleError(error);
            });
    }
    
    private handleError(error: Response | any) {
        let msg = '';
        if (error.status == 400) {
            msg = '请求无效(code:404)';
            console.log('请检查参数类型是否匹配');
        }
        if (error.status == 404) {
            msg = '请求资源不存在(code:404)';
            console.error(msg + ',请检查路径是否正确');
        }
        if (error.status == 500) {
            msg = '服务器发生错误(code:500)';
            console.error(msg + ',请检查路径是否正确');
        }
        console.log(error);
        if (msg != '') {
            this.toast(msg);
        }
    }

    alert(message, callback?) {
        if (callback) {
            let alert = this.alertCtrl.create({
                title: '提示',
                message: message,
                buttons: [{
                    text: "确定",
                    handler: data => {
                        callback();
                    }
                }]
            });
            alert.present();
        } else {
            let alert = this.alertCtrl.create({
                title: '提示',
                message: message,
                buttons: ["确定"]
            });
            alert.present();
        }
    }

    toast(message, callback?) {
        let toast = this.toastCtrl.create({
            message: message,
            duration: 2000,
            dismissOnPageChange: true,
        });
        toast.present();
        if (callback) {
            callback();
        }
    }

    setItem(key: string, obj: any) {
        try {
            var json = JSON.stringify(obj);
            window.localStorage[key] = json;
        }
        catch (e) {
            console.error("window.localStorage error:" + e);
        }
    }
    getItem(key: string, callback) {
        try {
            var json = window.localStorage[key];
            var obj = JSON.parse(json);
            callback(obj);
        }
        catch (e) {
            console.error("window.localStorage error:" + e);
        }
    }
}

配置完全局服务类之后,还需要做以下两点更改:

    1.在app.module的providers注入全局服务类;

    2.因ionic3一些新特性的加入,在使用http网络请求之前,需要导入HttpModule模块;

    app.module.ts具体代码如下:

import { HttpModule } from '@angular/http';
import { AppService } from './app.service';
import { NgModule, ErrorHandler } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { IonicApp, IonicModule, IonicErrorHandler } from 'ionic-angular';
import { MyApp } from './app.component';

import { StatusBar } from '@ionic-native/status-bar';
import { SplashScreen } from '@ionic-native/splash-screen';

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    MyApp
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule, HttpModule,
    IonicModule.forRoot(MyApp)
  ],
  bootstrap: [IonicApp],
  entryComponents: [
    MyApp
  ],
  providers: [
    StatusBar,
    SplashScreen, AppService,
    { provide: ErrorHandler, useClass: IonicErrorHandler }
  ]
})
export class AppModule { }
Ï

完!
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