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ionic3项目实战教程- ionic3使用cordova-plugin-wechat插件开发社交分享(QQ分享和微信

来源:  2018-04-19 09:26:49    评论:0点击:

ionic3项目实战教程 - 第13讲 ionic3社交分享(QQ分享和微信分享)

这一讲主要包含以下几个部分:

    1.在微信开放平台创建应用获得wechatappid;

    2.在腾讯开放平台创建应用获得QQ_APP_ID;

    3.安装QQ分享插件cordova-plugin-qqsdk;

    4.安装微信分享cordova-plugin-wechat;

    5.ionic3分享功能的实现;

准备工作

    微信开放平台开发者账号

    腾讯开放平台开发者账号

    提示:没有这两个平台开发者账号的请直接跳到第3步,已经准备好了wechatappid和QQ_APP_ID

1.在微信开放平台创建应用获得wechatappid

微信开放平台官方地址:https://open.weixin.qq.com/, 创建步骤按照官方一步一步来就行了,需要注意的是android包名和iOS的Bundle Id需要与config.xml中的widget节点的id属性一致,这里使用的是cn.tongedev.dress。创建成功之后需要等1-2天审核。

<widget id="cn.tongedev.dress" version="0.0.1" >  

2.在腾讯开放平台创建应用获得QQ_APP_ID;

腾讯开放平台官方地址:http://open.qq.com/,申请成功之后也同样需要等待审核。

3.安装cordova-plugin-qqsdk插件

这里准备好了QQ_APP_ID:1105786989

    cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-qqsdk —variable QQ_APP_ID=1105786989 —save

$ cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-qqsdk --variable QQ_APP_ID=1105786989 --save
Installing "cordova-plugin-qqsdk" for android
Subproject Path: CordovaLib
Adding cordova-plugin-qqsdk to package.json
Saved plugin info for "cordova-plugin-qqsdk" to config.xml

4.安装cordova-plugin-wechat插件

这里准备好了wechatappid:wx7b22a8079fcd2f45

    cordova plugin add https://github.com/wowgeeker/cordova-plugin-wechat —variable wechatappid=wx7b22a8079fcd2f45

$ cordova plugin add https://github.com/wowgeeker/cordova-plugin-wechat --variable wechatappid=wx7b22a8079fcd2f45 --save
Installing "cordova-plugin-wechat" for android
Running android-install.Hook: after_plugin_install, Package: cn.tongedev.dress, Path: /Users/eliteenergy/Repos/ionic3-dress.
Adding cordova-plugin-wechat to package.json
Saved plugin info for "cordova-plugin-wechat" to config.xml

5.ionic3分享功能的实现;
5.1 封装AppShare

    在src/app/目录下新建一个app.share.ts

import { LoadingController, Platform } from 'ionic-angular';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

declare var Wechat;
declare var QQSDK;

@Injectable()
export class AppShare {

    //标题
    title: string = "女装尖货 - 单件月销1.8万"
    //描述
    description: string = "行业精选女装 好货任你挑";
    //分享链接
    link: string = "http://dress.tongedev.cn";
    //分享图片
    image: string = "http://mmbiz.qpic.cn/mmbiz_png/khImeKLbVF7u5qdXdicpapLl9diadj5db6xHxdlVgxmYPxkYOR8WyVgOw4tn3EHEsvd9hlfu7zEpgVLYkLh28Nibg/0?wx_fmt=png";

    constructor(public loadingCtrl: LoadingController, platform: Platform) {
        if (platform.is('ios')) {
            this.link = "https://itunes.apple.com/cn/app/女装尖货-单件月销1-8万/id1194942857?mt=8";
        }
        else if (platform.is('android')) {
            this.link = "http://a.app.qq.com/o/simple.jsp?pkgname=cn.tongedev.dress";
        } else {
            this.link = "http://dress.tongedev.cn";
        }
    }

    wxShare(scene) {
        var loading = this.loadingCtrl.create({ showBackdrop: false });
        loading.present();
        try {
            Wechat.share({
                message: {
                    title: this.title,
                    description: this.description,
                    thumb: this.image,
                    mediaTagName: "TEST-TAG-001",
                    messageExt: "",  // 这是第三方带的测试字段
                    messageAction: "", // <action>dotalist</action>
                    media: {
                        type: Wechat.Type.WEBPAGE,
                        webpageUrl: this.link
                    }
                },
                scene: scene == 0 ? Wechat.Scene.SESSION : Wechat.Scene.Timeline  // share to Timeline
            }, function () {
                // alert("分享成功!");
            }, function (reason) {
                // alert("Failed: " + reason);
            });
        } catch (error) {
            console.log(error);
        } finally {
            loading.dismiss();
        }
    }

    qqShare(scene) {
        var loading = this.loadingCtrl.create({ showBackdrop: false });
        loading.present();
        try {
            var args: any = {};
            if (scene == 0) {
                args.scene = QQSDK.Scene.QQ;//QQSDK.Scene.QQZone,QQSDK.Scene.Favorite
            }
            else {
                args.scene = QQSDK.Scene.QQZone;
            }
            args.url = this.link;
            args.title = this.title;
            args.description = this.description;
            args.image = this.image;
            QQSDK.shareNews(function () {
                loading.dismiss();
            }, function (failReason) {
                loading.dismiss();
            }, args);
        } catch (error) {
            console.log(error);
        } finally {
            loading.dismiss();
        }
    }
}

5.2 添加引用

在app.module.ts的providers里引入AppShare
5.3 在首页的右上角添加分享按钮

    更改home.html的ion-header为:

<ion-header>
    <ion-navbar style="opacity: 0.8" no-border-bottom color="primary">
        <ion-title>首页</ion-title>
        <ion-buttons end>
        <button ion-button (click)="share($event)">
            <ion-icon name="share"></ion-icon>
        </button>
        </ion-buttons>
    </ion-navbar>
</ion-header>

5.4 分享按钮事件的实现

在home.ts顶部导入AppShare:
import { AppShare } from './../../app/app.share';

在home.ts的构造函数种依赖注入AppShare:
constructor(public appShare:AppShare,... ){}  

在home.ts新增share函数

share(event) {
    let actionSheet = this.actionSheetCtrl.create({
    title: '分享',
    buttons: [
        {
        text: 'QQ好友',
        handler: () => {
            this.appShare.qqShare(0)
        }
        },
        {
        text: 'QQ空间',
        handler: () => {
            this.appShare.qqShare(1)
        }
        },
        {
        text: '微信好友',
        handler: () => {
            this.appShare.wxShare(0)
        }
        },
        {
        text: '朋友圈',
        handler: () => {
            this.appShare.wxShare(1)
        }
        },
        {
        text: '取消',
        role: 'cancel',
        handler: () => {
            console.log('Cancel clicked');
        }
        }
    ]
    });
    actionSheet.present();
}

这里主要实现了分享到QQ好友,QQ空间,微信好友,微信朋友圈。还可以分享到微信收藏,有兴趣的试试。

微信分享文档:https://github.com/wowgeeker/cordova-plugin-wechat.git
QQ分享文档:https://www.npmjs.com/package/cordova-plugin-qqsdk

好了,这一讲就到这里了,下一讲将介绍如何打包android平台发布到应用市场。

完!
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